The Inca Trail, as it’s now known, was the Royal Highway that led pilgrims and officials of the Empire to the Sacred City of the Incas. Although there are thousands of mile of Inca Trail in South America, the trail known as the Inca Trail is the only way to reach Machu Pichu on foot. For most people, the trail begins at Km.88 on the railway between Cusco and Machu Picchu and ends at Machu Picchu itself. The Inca Trail is Peru’s most well-known hike, combining a stunning mix of Inca ruins, mountain scenery, lush cloud-forest and rich subtropical jungle. Although it’s become the classic and most recognized Inca trail, there is fabulous trekking on other Inca Trails in Peru, and these trips are less crowded and are not regulated by the Government of Peru, meaning no permit is required to trek there.